Thursday 7 March 2019

Material Science- Lupine Publishers

New Materials: Current Development Under Simulation Techniques by Efrén Vázquez Silva in Modern Approaches on Material Science (MAMS)in Lupine Publishers

In order to appreciate, in all its magnitude, the development of new materials (the totally new, the derivated, the transformed and combined ones), we need to observe through a prism of several faces, but all its converging on the plane of the climate change urgencies and the survival of the human being as a species on the planet Earth. Thus, the development of new atomic and molecular structures, the transformation of others already known, is a phenomenon closely linked to contemporary and high priority problems, such as the depletion of non-renewable sources of energy, the care and protection of the environment, and the health of people. It is possible to sustain that the emergence of modern approaches to new materials had its initial rebound in two periods of great activity: from 1821 to 1851, three decades in which it was understood at the macroscopic level and discovered the possibilities of thermoelectric; and from 1930, when it was possible to understand, from the microscopic level, thermoelectricity. This second stage led to many of the current new materials [1]. In this sense, the emergence of alternative refrigeration technologies was also decisive at the beginning of the 1990s, as a result of the combination of environmental factors and the negative evidence of global climate change. In general, the development of contemporary approaches and perspectives in the creation of new materials or the well-intentioned modification of “old” materials, is a cross-cutting phenomenon to these crucial problems of humanity, which solutions go beyond specific fields. And at the same time, in a general way, they could focus from science to suprainfim levels: nanotechnology. The manufacture of materials with great structural precision at the nanoscale has led to extremely important applications for those fields of high research demand, such as energy, environmental sciences, device technology and biomedicine.

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